In MALI Batonga is:
Granting scholarships: 75 girls have been awarded scholarships in Kidal in northen Mali, one of the toughest and most isolated places in the world. These girls, all of whom are disadvantaged, have overcome daunting obstacles to pursue their education. Batonga is supporting the scholars from grade 7 through grade 12 with scholarship packages that include tuition, uniforms, school supplies, mentoring, and community awareness activities that broadly promote girls’ education. NGO partner: World Education In-country NGO partner: Aide à l’Enfant du Désert et du Sahel (AEDS)
The Republic of Mali is the seventh largest country in Africa and home to an ancient culture whose civilization goes back thousands of years. Timbuctou is a northern city that was once the center of Islamic intellectual thought—renowned both for its unrivaled libraries and legendary wealth. At present, 90 percent of the population practices Islam. Its musical heritage includes the claim, reinforced by many scholars, that it was the inspiration for American Blues music.
Today Mali is listed by the United Nations as one of the poorest countries on earth. Its infant mortality rate is amongst the highest in Africa. Ninety percent of its population survives on less than $2 a day and life expectancy at birth is only 44 years old for men and 47 years old for women. Despite natural resources that include gold and uranium, Mali is highly dependent on foreign aid. Most people in Mali are subsistence farmers, even though less than 4 percent of the land is arable and can be used for agriculture.
Notwithstanding the best efforts of the government, educational opportunities are still scarce for both boys and girls in Mali. It has the world’s second-highest birth rate (the highest being its neighbor, Niger) with half its population under 15 years old. Half of the world’s uneducated children are in Africa, but Mali lags behind even most African nations in its percentage of children in primary school. Secondary school seems out of the reach for almost all but a few privileged children even though studies show that those who complete secondary school contribute the most to economic improvement. Educated girls marry later and have fewer children, protect themselves against HIV-AIDS and generate more income for their families.
Thanks partly to newfound economic growth in recent decades, the Ministry of Education reports that it more than doubled its spending per child between 1994 and 2004 to educate young people aged 6 through 14. In the early to mid-2000s, Mali averaged 667 newly built first through sixth-grade classrooms and 1,962 freshly-hired first through ninth-grade teachers. 39% of AIDS orphans are now in school compared with 37 percent for the rest of children (according to UN AIDS). More than 90 percent of girls in Northern Mali, however, do not attend secondary school despite the obvious benefits.
Batonga is focusing its efforts in northern Mali in order to increase the number of girls in secondary school there.
Population: 14.2 million
Average income: US $680
HIV/AIDS adult infection rate: 1.0%
Female adult literacy rate: 18.2%
Children in primary school: girls 40% | boys 46%
Children in secondary school: girls 17% | boys 23%
Education expenditure: 4.4% of GDP
UN Human Development Index: 160 out of 169
Population: 14.2 million source: CIA World Factbook date of data: July 2011 estimate
Average income: US$680 source: World Bank date of data: 2009 definition: Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by mid-year population. GNI per capita in US dollars is converted using the World Bank Atlas method.
HIV/AIDS adult infection rate: 1.0% source: CIA World Factbook date of data: 2009 estimate definition: Percentage of adults (15-49 years) living with HIV/AIDS as of end 2009
Female adult literacy rate: 18.2% source: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) date of data: 2006 definition: Percentage of women over 15 years old that can read and write.
Children in primary school: girls 40% | boys 46% source: Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) date of data: 2009 definition: Net Primary School Attendance – percentage of children in the age group that officially corresponds to primary schooling who attend primary school. These data come from national household surveys.
Children in secondary school: girls 17% | boys 23% source: UNESCO date of data: 2005 definition: The number of children enrolled in secondary level, regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the same level.
Education expenditure: 4.4% of GDP source: CIA World Factbook date of data: 2009 definition: Public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP
Orphans: 690,000 source: UNICEF date of data: 2009 estimate definition: Children up to 17 years of age orphaned due to all causes
UN Human Development Index: 160 out of 169 source: Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme date of data: Used for report issued 2010 definition: The Human Development Index (HDI), published as part of the annual Human Development Report by UNDP, is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing, or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. 169 countries were ranked, with 1 being the best and 169 being the worst.